Κυριακή, 24 Μαρτίου 2019

Flag with Cross of Saint Demetrios


We present here a flag as depicted in a fresco from the church of St.Nikolaos Orphanos in Thessaloniki.
The small flag (flamoulon) is attached on the spear of saint Demetrios, the patron saint of the city. Paintings of the church are dated between 1310-1320, during the reign of Andronikos II Palaiologos and may be associated with donations of Kral Milutin of Serbia.



Δευτέρα, 21 Ιανουαρίου 2019

From Macedonian to Thessalian Tempi: from Rentina to Velika

Exhibition in the Museum of Byzantine Culture, Thessaloniki, Greece


The Museum of Byzantine Culture invites you cordially to the opening of the exhibition “From Macedonian to Thessalian Tempi: from Rentina to Velika” on Friday, 21 December at 21.00 in the wing of temporary exhibitions “Kyriakos Krokos” of the Museum
Five selected fortification sites from Macedonia and Thessaly are presented, all connected to each other by virtue of the fact that they were founded, constructed or renovated during the reign of Justinian I (527-565). 
These are: the castle of Rentina, the fortification wall of Cassandreia, the castle of Pydna, the castle of Platamon and the castle of Velika. The city of Thessaloniki is also presented, as an example of a walled metropolis. 
The exhibition places strong emphasis on the road networks that developed between the fortresses along with the economic and commercial relationships that were established in the region. The course of each site throughout time is presented in parallel. Furthermore, this exhibition is yet another opportunity for the Museum of Byzantine Culture to promote significant excavational discoveries from Central Macedonia that, until today, have been stored in its warehouses and not displayed to the public.




iron arrowheads, 13th-15th cent.
birds and monogram on poterry, 13th-14th cent.
Ceramic vessels for daily domestic use, 13-14th cent.

The castle of Kitros

lion on ceramic vessel. 12th cent.
 Silver Venetian and Serbian coins. Venetian grossi of  Doges JacopoTiepolo (1268-75), Francesco Dandolo (1329-39) and of the Serbian King Stefan Uros II Milutin (1282-1321)
 Bronze bracelets, 10th-12th cent.
 metal forks, arrowhead, knife, key, bone needle and stylus.10th-12th cent. - 
surgical tool (kyathiscomele) 6th cent.
 Lion on red ceramic vessel, 12th-14th cent.
male ring, 10th-12th cent.

The castle of Platamon

 Crossbow bolt, iron arrowheads, 14th-16th cent.
 Byzantine and Ottoman ceramic vessels, 14th-16th cent.
 Crossbow bolts and one arrowhead, 14th-15th cent.
 Marble parts of a church. 11th cent.
Stirrups, cannonballs and stone missiles for catapults. 14th-16th cent.


arrowheads, horseshoes. 7th-14th cent.
 spurs, horseshoes. 7th-14th cent.
 various byzantine coins.4th-11th cent.
 iron knife blades and large knife. 10th-16th cent.
 Parts of a church. 10th-16th cent.
 Mosaic and frescoes. 5th-9th cent.
 Pseudosarcophagus marble cover. 11th cent.
Ceramic vessels. 12th cent.

The fortified city of Thessaloniki

 Bone parts of a composite bow. 13th-15th cent.
spurs, iron arrowheads. 13th-15th cent.
 Bone archer's rings. 14th-16th cent.
 crossbow bolts. 14th-15th cent.
 Crossbow bolts. 14th-15th cent.
iron arrowheads. 14th-15th cent.


Museum of Byzantine Culture
Wing of temporary exhibitions “Kyriakos Krokos
Exhibition duration: 21.12.18 – 31.5.2019
Opening hours: 9.00-16.00 Entrance free

Photos: Protostrator




Κυριακή, 12 Νοεμβρίου 2017

Μάχη στο Δημητρίτζι - 1185



Ἐπεὶ δ᾿ εἰς ἕνα χῶρον συνήλθοσαν ἀμφότερα τὰ στρατεύματα (ἦν δὲ οὗτος ὁ τοῦ Δημητρίτζη λεγόμενος τόπος), τότε δὴ μᾶλλον οἱ Σικελοὶ καθυπέδειξαν ὃ πεπόνθασι δείλανδρον. συμβάσεων γὰρ ἐμέμνηντο καὶ τούτων ἕνεκα διεκηρυκεύοντο πρὸς Βρανᾶν. καὶ τὰ μὲν πρῶτα Ῥωμαίοις ἥνδανε τὰ αἰτούμενα·

μετὰ βραχὺ δ᾿ οὐκέτ᾿ αὐτοὶ γεγονότες, ἀλλὰ δόλον εἶναι ὑποτοπάσαντες τὰ παρὰ τῶν ἀντιπάλων προβαλλόμενα, ἢ εἰ μὴ τοῦτο, δειλίαν γοῦν ἐκ τοῦ ἀναμφιλέκτου πρόδηλον, μὴ πολέμου ἀναμείναντες σύνθημα, μὴ σάλπιγγος ἠχὴν μήτε τι ἕτερον παράγγελμα τῶν ὅσα στρατηγοῖς εἴθισται ποιεῖν πρὸ τῶν συμπλοκῶν, προσβάλλουσι τοῖς πολεμίοις τὰ ξίφη γυμνώσαντες. οἱ δὲ μέχρι μέν τινος εὐθαρσῶς καὶ ἀνδρείως τὴν τῶν Ῥωμαίων ἐμβολὴν ἐδέξαντο καὶ καμπάς τινας καὶ ἑλίξεις ὁ πόλεμος ἔλαβε· τέλος δὲ πρὸς τὸ ὑπεράγαν ἔνθερμον τῆς Ῥωμαϊκῆς ὁρμῆς ὑπενδόντες ἔκλιναν εἰς τροπὴν καὶ ἀκόσμως ἔφευγον. ὅθεν καταλαμβανόμενοι ἀνῃροῦντο, ἐζωγροῦντο, ὠθοῦντο κατὰ ποταμοῦ τοῦ Στρυμόνος, ἐλαφυραγωγοῦντο, ἐσκυλεύοντο. 

ἤγετο δὲ ἑβδόμη τοῦ Νοεμβρίου μηνὸς καὶ περὶ δείλην ἦν τῆς ἡμέρας, ὁπότε ταῦτα ἐγίνετο.